Do Improved Biomass Cookstoves Reduce Fuelwood Consumption and Carbon Emissions? Evidence from Rural Ethiopia Using a Randomized Treatment Trial with Electronic Monitoring

41 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016

See all articles by Abebe Beyene

Abebe Beyene

EfD Ethiopia

Randall A. Bluffstone

Portland State University - Department of Economics

Zenebe Gebreegzhiaber

Environmental Economics Policy Forum for Ethiopia; Mekelle University, CBE - Economics Department

Peter Martinsson

University of Gothenburg - Department of Economics and Statistics

Alemu Mekonnen

Addis Ababa University - Department of Economics

Ferdinand Vieider

WZB Berlin Social Science Center - Risk & Development Unit

Date Written: June 22, 2015

Abstract

This paper uses a randomized experimental design with real-time electronic stove temperature measurements and controlled cooking tests to estimate the fuelwood and carbon dioxide savings from an improved cookstove program in the process of being implemented in rural Ethiopia. Knowing more about how households interact with improved cookstoves is important, because cooking uses a majority of the fuelwood in the country and therefore is an important determinant of greenhouse gas emissions and indoor air pollution. Creating local networks among stove users generally appears to increase fuelwood savings, and among monetary treatments the most robust positive effects come from free distribution. The paper estimates that on average one improved stove saves approximately 634 kilograms of fuelwood per year or about 0.94 tons of carbon dioxide equivalent per year, which is about half of previous estimates. Using the May 2015 California auction price of $13.39/ton, the carbon sequestration from each stove deployed is worth about $12.59. Such carbon market offset revenues would be sufficient to cover the cost of the stove within one year.

Keywords: Climate Change and Health, Climate Change and Environment, Global Environment, Science of Climate Change, Inequality

Suggested Citation

Beyene, Abebe and Bluffstone, Randall Ames and Gebreegzhiaber, Zenebe and Martinsson, Peter and Mekonnen, Alemu and Vieider, Ferdinand, Do Improved Biomass Cookstoves Reduce Fuelwood Consumption and Carbon Emissions? Evidence from Rural Ethiopia Using a Randomized Treatment Trial with Electronic Monitoring (June 22, 2015). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 7324, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2621878

Abebe Beyene (Contact Author)

EfD Ethiopia

Ethiopia

Randall Ames Bluffstone

Portland State University - Department of Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 751
Portland, OR 97207-0751
United States
503-725-3938 (Phone)
503-725-3945 (Fax)

Zenebe Gebreegzhiaber

Environmental Economics Policy Forum for Ethiopia

Ethiopia

Mekelle University, CBE - Economics Department

Mekelle, 451
Ethiopia

Peter Martinsson

University of Gothenburg - Department of Economics and Statistics ( email )

Box 640
Vasagatan 1, E-building, floor 5 & 6
Göteborg, 40530
Sweden

Alemu Mekonnen

Addis Ababa University - Department of Economics

Addis Ababa
Ethiopia

Ferdinand Vieider

WZB Berlin Social Science Center - Risk & Development Unit

Berlin
Germany

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