Migration-Induced Transfers of Norms. The Case of Female Political Empowerment
50 Pages Posted: 25 Jun 2015
Date Written: June 23, 2015
This paper empirically investigates the effect of transnational migrants on gender equality in the country of origin measured by the share of women enrolled in the lower chamber of National Parliaments. We test for a ‘migration-induced transfer of norm’ using panel data from 1960 to 2010 in ten-year intervals. Total international migration has a significant effect on female political empowerment in countries of origin conditional on the initial female parliamentary participation in both origin and destination countries. Reverse causality issues are taken into account and results are tested under specific geo-political and temporal subsamples.
Keywords: International Migration, Gender Discrimination, Panel Data, Endogeneity
JEL Classification: F22, J16, D72, C33
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