Managing the Risks of Proactivity: A Multilevel Study of Initiative and Performance in the Middle Management Context

Academy of Management Journal Forthcoming

Posted: 25 Jun 2015

See all articles by Lotte Glaser

Lotte Glaser

RSM Erasmus University

Wouter Stam

The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology

Riki Takeuchi

Hong Kong University of Science & Technology (HKUST) - Department of Management & Organization

Date Written: June 24, 2015

Abstract

Drawing on theories of behavioral decision making and situational strength, we developed and tested a multilevel model that explains how the performance outcomes of personal initiative tendency depend on the extent of alignment between organizational control mechanisms and proactive individuals’ risk propensities. Results from a sample of 383 middle managers operating in 34 business units of a large multinational corporation indicated that risk propensity weakens the positive relationship between personal initiative tendency and job performance. This negative moderating effect was further amplified when middle managers receive high job autonomy but was attenuated in business units with a strong performance management context. We discuss the implications of these findings for research on proactivity, risk taking, and organizational control.

Keywords: personal initiative, proactivity, risk taking, situational strength, multilevel research

JEL Classification: M10, M12, M13, M20, M21, M50, M52

Suggested Citation

Glaser, Lotte and Stam, Wouter and Takeuchi, Riki, Managing the Risks of Proactivity: A Multilevel Study of Initiative and Performance in the Middle Management Context (June 24, 2015). Academy of Management Journal Forthcoming, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2622429

Lotte Glaser

RSM Erasmus University ( email )

Burgemeester Oudlaan 50
3000 DR Rotterdam, Zuid-Holland 3062PA
Netherlands

Wouter Stam (Contact Author)

The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology ( email )

Clear Water Bay
Hong Kong, -
Hong Kong

Riki Takeuchi

Hong Kong University of Science & Technology (HKUST) - Department of Management & Organization ( email )

Management Department
School of Business & Management, HKUST
Clear Water Bay, Kowloon
Hong Kong
852-2358-7741 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.bm.ust.hk/mgmt/staff/mnrikit.html

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