The Health Consequences of Aerial Spraying of Illicit Crops: The Case of Colombia

32 Pages Posted: 27 Jun 2015

See all articles by Adriana Camacho

Adriana Camacho

Universidad de los Andes, Colombia - Department of Economics

Daniel Mejia

Universidad de los Andes, Colombia - Department of Economics

Date Written: June 1, 2015

Abstract

This paper exploits the variation in aerial spraying across time and space in Colombia and employs a panel of individual health records in order to study the causal effects of aerial spraying of herbicides (Glyphosate) on short term health-related outcomes. The results show that exposure to the herbicide used in aerial spraying campaigns increases the number of medical consultations related to dermatological and respiratory related illnesses and the number of miscarriages. This finding is robust to the inclusion of individual fixed effects, which compares the prevalence of these medical conditions for the same person under different levels of exposure to the herbicide used in the aerial spraying program over a period of 5 years. Also, the results are robust to controlling for the extent of coca cultivation of illicit crops in the municipality of residence.

Keywords: Aerial spraying, Eradication policies, health, Plan Colombia, Glyphosate

JEL Classification: I15, H75

Suggested Citation

Camacho, Adriana and Mejia, Daniel, The Health Consequences of Aerial Spraying of Illicit Crops: The Case of Colombia (June 1, 2015). Center for Global Development Working Paper No. 408, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2623145 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2623145

Adriana Camacho (Contact Author)

Universidad de los Andes, Colombia - Department of Economics ( email )

Carrera 1a No. 18A-10
Santafe de Bogota, AA4976
Colombia

Daniel Mejia

Universidad de los Andes, Colombia - Department of Economics ( email )

Carrera 1 No. 18 A - 10
Bogotá, AA4976
Colombia
57(1)3394949 ext 3737 (Phone)
57(1)3324492 (Fax)

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