Koushal v. NAZ Foundation and the Lessons of International Refugee Law
Gender, Human Rights and Law, Vol. 4, August 2016
15 Pages Posted: 29 Jun 2015 Last revised: 6 Nov 2016
Date Written: February 2014
In its decision in Suresh Kumar Koushal and anor v NAZ Foundation and ors (Koushal), the Supreme Court of India declared that section 377 of the Indian Penal Code, which criminalises sexual acts ‘against the order of nature,’ does not contravene the Constitution of India. By analysing Koushal in light of contemporary debates in refugee law, this article aims to identify potential alternate directions for Indian constitutional law with regard to the rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer (“LGBTQ”) people. Scholars and practitioners in international refugee law have developed innovative means by which decision-makers, including judges, may give regard to forms of harm not visible through regard to state records and actions alone, and in doing so to rethink settled notions of what constitutionally-prohibited forms of ‘harm’ may be. These innovations may be drawn upon in future legal advocacy on behalf of LGBTQ people in India.
Keywords: Comparative constitutional law, refugee law, Indian constitutional law, Koushal v Naz Foundation, human rights, LGBT rights
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation