Updating Poverty Estimates in the Absence of Regular and Comparable Consumption Data: Methods and Illustration with Reference to a Middle-Income Country
Forthcoming with Oxford Economic Papers
45 Pages Posted: 13 Jul 2015 Last revised: 29 Dec 2016
Date Written: September 15, 2016
Monitoring poverty trends on a timely and consistent basis is a priority for policy makers. These objectives are difficult to achieve in practice when household consumption data are neither frequently collected, nor constructed using consistent and transparent criteria. This paper develops and applies a formal framework for survey-to-survey poverty imputation in an attempt to overcome these obstacles. The framework introduced here imposes few restrictive assumptions, works with simple variance formulas, provides guidance on the selection of control variables for model building, and can be generally applied to imputation involving surveys with either the same, or differing, sampling designs. Results from combining Jordan’s Household Expenditure and Income Survey with its Unemployment and Employment Survey are quite encouraging, with imputation-based poverty estimates closely tracking direct estimates of poverty.
Keywords: poverty, imputation, consumption, household survey, labor force survey, Jordan
JEL Classification: C15, I32, O15
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation