Gender Interaction in Teams: Experimental Evidence on Performance and Punishment Behavior
32 Pages Posted: 3 Jul 2015
Date Written: June 25, 2015
This paper reports results from a real-effort experiment in which men and women are paired to form a two-member team and asked to execute a real-effort task. Each participant receives an equal share of the team's output. Workers who perform better than their partner can punish him/her by imposing a fine. We manipulate the teams' gender composition (man-man, man-woman, and woman-woman) to analyze whether an individual's performance and sanctioning behavior depends on his/her gender and the gender interaction within the team. The data show that, on average, men perform slightly better than women. A man's performance will deteriorate when paired with a woman, while a woman's performance will improve when paired with a woman. When underperforming, women are sanctioned more often and more heavily than men; if sanctioned, men tend to improve their performance, while women's performance does not change.
Keywords: Gender studies, Real-effort task, Team production, Performance, Punishment, Discrimination
JEL Classification: M52, J16, C91
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation