Austrian Issue in the Mirror of Russian Media (1945-1955)

3 Pages Posted: 3 Jul 2015

See all articles by Alexander Fedorov

Alexander Fedorov

Rostov State Univesity of Econimics; Taganrog State Pedagogical Institute

Date Written: December 1, 2004


It should be pointed out that the attitude of Russians to Germany and to Austria at that time, as well as earlier, was always different. Nazi’s Germany was considered an evil aggressor, who annexed peaceful Austria in 1938, by force involving it into the World War II and so on. The confirmation of empirical observations can be easily found in the official Soviet press. For instance, still before the invasion of Vienna in April 1945, the main state newspaper of the Soviet Union “Pravda” wrote that:

“Austria fell the first victim of the German aggression. (...) terrorist occupation by Germany, its predatory policy evoked in Austrian people feeling of hatred of Germans as those who’re guilty of all the hardships for the last seven years”.

Certainly, the Soviet government did not put the sign of equality between Austria and, for example, Poland. Should an opportunity arise, the Kremlin press would use it to underline that “Austria is responsible for the participation in the war on a Hitler’s side...there are certain circles in Austria that though proclaimed “neutral position” relating to German-fascists’ occupation, in fact supported the regime of the German terror”.

And the permanent mouthpiece of the Red Moscow- TASS (Telegraph Agency of Soviet Union) was indignant that during the November elections in 1945 in some regions of Austria “where the influence of Hitler’s men was stronger”, only 40-45% of people took part in elections.

Keywords: Austria, USSR. media, press, 1945, 1955, Cold War

Suggested Citation

Fedorov, Alexander, Austrian Issue in the Mirror of Russian Media (1945-1955) (December 1, 2004). Available at SSRN: or

Alexander Fedorov (Contact Author)

Rostov State Univesity of Econimics ( email )

69, Bolshaya Sadovaya Street
Suite 251
Rostov-on-Don, 344002

Taganrog State Pedagogical Institute ( email )

Iniciativnaya, 48
Taganrog, Rostovskaya oblast 347936
+7(8634)601753 (Phone)


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