Does Credit Reporting Lead to a Decline in Relationship Lending? Evidence from Information Sharing Technology
68 Pages Posted: 6 Jul 2015 Last revised: 10 May 2019
Date Written: March 11, 2018
I examine how credit reporting affects where firms access credit and how lenders contract with them. I use within firm-time and lender-time tests that exploit lenders joining a credit bureau and sharing information in a staggered pattern. I find information sharing reduces relationship-switching costs, particularly for firms that are young, small, or have had no defaults. After sharing, lenders transition away from relationship contracting, in two ways: contract maturities in new relationships are shorter, and lenders are less willing to provide financing to their delinquent borrowers. My results highlight the mixed effects of transparency-improving financial technologies on credit availability.
Keywords: debt contracts; information sharing; information asymmetries; hard and soft information; credit bureaus; relationship lending; transactional lending; information economics; entrepreneurial finance; credit reports; credit scores, FinTech
JEL Classification: D82, G21, G23, G30, G32, G33, H42, M41
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation