This Mine is Mine! How Minerals Fuel Conflicts in Africa

69 Pages Posted: 6 Jul 2015

See all articles by Nicolas Berman

Nicolas Berman

Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies (IHEID)

Mathieu Couttenier

University of Lausanne - DEEP

Dominic Rohner

University of Zurich

Mathias Thoenig

University of Lausanne; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: June 29, 2015

Abstract

We combine original geo-referenced data on mining extraction of 15 minerals with information on conflict events at spatial resolution of 0.5o x 0.5o for all Africa over 1997-2010. Exploiting exogenous variations in world prices, we find a positive impact of mining on conflict at the local level. Quantitatively, the historical rise in prices (commodity super-cycle) explains 15-25 percent of average country-level violence in Africa. We then document how the appropriation of a mining area by a fighting group contributes to the escalation from local to global violence. Finally, we analyze the impact of corporate practices and transparency initiatives in the mining industry.

Keywords: minerals, mines, conflict, fighting, natural resources, rebellion

JEL Classification: C230, D740, Q340

Suggested Citation

Berman, Nicolas and Couttenier, Mathieu and Rohner, Dominic and Thoenig, Mathias, This Mine is Mine! How Minerals Fuel Conflicts in Africa (June 29, 2015). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2627073 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2627073

Nicolas Berman

Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies (IHEID) ( email )

PO Box 136
Geneva, CH-1211
Switzerland

Mathieu Couttenier

University of Lausanne - DEEP ( email )

Université de Lausanne
Quartier UNIL-Dorigny
Lausanne, 1004
Switzerland

Dominic Rohner (Contact Author)

University of Zurich ( email )

Muehlebachstrasse 86
Zurich, 8008
Switzerland

Mathias Thoenig

University of Lausanne ( email )

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

London
United Kingdom

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
445
Abstract Views
2,742
rank
82,933
PlumX Metrics