The Effects of Exports on Facility Environmental Performance: Evidence from a Matching Approach
34 Pages Posted: 8 Jul 2015
Date Written: July 1, 2015
This paper employs matching techniques to investigate the effects of facility export status on environmental performance. Using facility-level criteria air emission data in the U.S. manufacturing industry, we find the industry-specific effects of export status on emission intensity, measured by emissions per value of sale. In some industries, there is consistent and robust evidence supporting the superior environmental performance of exporters relative to non-exporters in terms of emission intensity for all criteria air pollutants tracked. In other industries, we find weak evidence that exporters appear to have a higher emission intensity than non-exporters. This industrial heterogeneity in the effects of exporting on the environment is closely related to industrial characteristics including pollution abatement capital expenditure, trade costs, capital intensity and others.
Keywords: criteria air emissions, exports, propensity score matching, industrial heterogeneity
JEL Classification: F18, Q56
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation