Fire Sale Discount: Evidence from the Sale of Minority Equity Stakes

46 Pages Posted: 10 Jul 2015 Last revised: 13 Dec 2016

See all articles by Serdar Dinc

Serdar Dinc

Rutgers University

Isil Erel

Ohio State University (OSU) - Department of Finance

Rose C. Liao

Rutgers University, Newark, School of Business-Newark, Department of Finance & Economics

Date Written: December 8, 2016

Abstract

Most of the existing empirical studies estimate the impact of fire sales either without the benefit of market prices from frequent trades, as with aircraft sales, or without observing the prices received by distressed sellers, as with the sales of equity securities by mutual funds facing outflows. We study transactions where the selling firm sells minority equity stakes it holds in publicly-listed third parties. In these transactions, market prices from frequent trades in the shares of those third parties are available and the transaction prices received by the sellers are reported. We estimate the industry-adjusted distressed sale discount based on the four-week window to be about 8% while controlling for the liquidity of the shares sold. This discount magnitude is higher than the 4% estimated for forced sales of stocks by mutual funds without the benefit of observing transaction prices. The discount we estimate becomes 13-14% if the stake sold is more than 5% of the firm or if the stake is sold as a block. Prices recover after the distressed sale.

Keywords: Fire Sale, Liquidity, Distressed Sale, Price Recovery

JEL Classification: G30

Suggested Citation

Dinc, Serdar and Erel, Isil and Liao, Rose C., Fire Sale Discount: Evidence from the Sale of Minority Equity Stakes (December 8, 2016). Fisher College of Business Working Paper No. 2015-11; Charles A. Dice Center Working Paper No. 2015-11; Journal of Financial Economics (JFE), Forthcoming. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2627404 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2627404

Serdar Dinc

Rutgers University ( email )

111 Washington Avenue
Newark, NJ 07102
United States

HOME PAGE: http://serdardinc.com

Isil Erel (Contact Author)

Ohio State University (OSU) - Department of Finance ( email )

2100 Neil Avenue
Columbus, OH 43210-1144
United States

Rose C. Liao

Rutgers University, Newark, School of Business-Newark, Department of Finance & Economics ( email )

1 Washington Park
Newark, NJ 07102
United States

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