The Impact of Potential-Based Physics Models on Pricing in Energy Networks

22 Pages Posted: 9 Jul 2015 Last revised: 15 Jun 2018

Lars Schewe

University of Erlangen-Nuremberg-Friedrich Alexander Universität Erlangen Nürnberg

Martin Schmidt

University of Erlangen-Nuremberg-Friedrich Alexander Universität Erlangen Nürnberg

Date Written: July 9, 2015

Abstract

Pricing of access to energy networks is an important issue in liberalized energy sectors because of the natural monopoly character of the underlying transport infrastructures. We introduce a general pricing framework for potential-based energy flows in arbitrarily structured transport networks. In different specifications of our general pricing model we discuss first- and second-best pricing results and compare different pricing outcomes of potential-free and potential-based energy flow models. Our results show that considering nonlinear laws of physics leads to significantly different pricing results on networks and that these differences can only be seen in sufficiently complex, e.g., cyclic, networks as they can be found in real-world situations.

Keywords: Energy Networks, Pricing, Gas Networks, Electricity Networks

JEL Classification: C61, L94, L95

Suggested Citation

Schewe, Lars and Schmidt, Martin, The Impact of Potential-Based Physics Models on Pricing in Energy Networks (July 9, 2015). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2628611 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2628611

Lars Schewe

University of Erlangen-Nuremberg-Friedrich Alexander Universität Erlangen Nürnberg ( email )

Cauerstraße 11
Erlangen, 91058
Germany

Martin Schmidt (Contact Author)

University of Erlangen-Nuremberg-Friedrich Alexander Universität Erlangen Nürnberg ( email )

Cauerstraße 11
Erlangen, 91058
Germany

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