The Marginal Effect of First-Time Homebuyer Status on Mortgage Default and Prepayment

FHFA Working Paper 15-2

74 Pages Posted: 11 Jul 2015

Date Written: July 9, 2015

Abstract

This paper examines the loan performance of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac first-time homebuyer mortgages originated from 1996 to 2012. First-time homebuyer mortgages generally perform worse than repeat homebuyer mortgages. But first-time homebuyers are younger and have lower credit scores, home equity, and income than repeat homebuyers, and therefore are comparatively less likely to withstand financial stress or take advantage of financial innovations available in the market. The distributional make-up of first-time homebuyers is different than that of repeat homebuyers in terms of many borrower, loan, and property characteristics that can be determined at the time of loan origination. Once these distributional differences are accounted for in an econometric model, there is virtually no difference between the average first-time and repeat homebuyers in their probabilities of mortgage default. Hence, the difference between the first-time and repeat homebuyer mortgage defaults can be attributed to the difference in the distributional make-up of the two groups and not to the premise that first-time homebuyers are an inherently riskier group. However, there appears to be an inherent difference in the prepayment probabilities of first-time and repeat homebuyers holding borrower, loan, and property characteristics constant. First-time homebuyers are less likely to prepay their mortgages compared to repeat homebuyers even after accounting for the distributional make-up of the two groups using information known at the time of loan origination.

Keywords: mortgage, loan performance, default, prepayment, first-time homebuyer, repeat homebuyer, home purchase, homeownership, Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac

JEL Classification: G21, J11, R21

Suggested Citation

Patrabansh, Saty, The Marginal Effect of First-Time Homebuyer Status on Mortgage Default and Prepayment (July 9, 2015). FHFA Working Paper 15-2. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2628835 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2628835

Saty Patrabansh (Contact Author)

Federal Housing Finance Agency ( email )

400 7th Street SW
Washington, DC 20552
United States

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