Holism and Reductionism - A Daoist Explanation

13 Pages Posted: 14 Jul 2015 Last revised: 7 Jul 2020

See all articles by Joseph Pratt

Joseph Pratt

Peking University Law School

Date Written: July 10, 2015


The reductionism undergirding modern science not only fails to explain reality but also—because it doesn’t accord with reality—perpetuates individual, societal, and environmental conflict. This reductionism is based on a strict either-or logic that has always been possible as a normative tool and employed in discordant times. By bridging the whole and the parts, Daoism eliminates the need for an independent or unknowable first-mover and also explains this reductionism. It shows that pure logic is complementary and exists always in a monistic-dualistic relationship with intuition. In the face of the current theoretical and practical challenges, any way forward must consider the subtle explanation offered by Daoism.

Keywords: Daoism/Taoism, Holism, Reductionism, Logic, Number Theory

Suggested Citation

Pratt, Joseph, Holism and Reductionism - A Daoist Explanation (July 10, 2015). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2629450 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2629450

Joseph Pratt (Contact Author)

Peking University Law School ( email )

Chenming Building, Room 217
Haidian District
Beijing, 100871

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