Self-Managed Working Time and Employee Effort: Theory and Evidence

52 Pages Posted: 14 Jul 2015

See all articles by Michael Beckmann

Michael Beckmann

University of Freiburg - Personnel and Organizational Economics

Thomas Cornelissen

University College London

Matthias Kräkel

University of Bonn - Economic Science Area; Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

Date Written: July 2015

Abstract

This paper theoretically and empirically examines the impact of self-managed working time (SMWT) on employee effort. As a means of increased worker autonomy, SMWT can theoretically increase effort via intrinsic motivation and reciprocal behaviour, but can lead to a decrease of effort due to a loss of control. Based on German individual-level panel data, we find that SMWT employees exert higher effort levels than employees with fixed working hours. Even after accounting for observed and unobserved characteristics there remains a modest positive effect. This effect is mainly driven by employees who are intrinsically motivated, suggesting that intrinsic motivation is complementary to SMWT. However, reciprocal work intensification does not seem to be an important channel of providing extra effort.

Keywords: Self-managed working time, worker autonomy, employee effort, reciprocity, intrinsic motivation, complementarity

JEL Classification: J24; J81; M50

Suggested Citation

Beckmann, Michael and Cornelissen, Thomas and Kräkel, Matthias, Self-Managed Working Time and Employee Effort: Theory and Evidence (July 2015). SOEPpaper No. 768. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2630192 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2630192

Michael Beckmann (Contact Author)

University of Freiburg - Personnel and Organizational Economics ( email )

Platz der Alten Synagoge
D-79085 Freiburg
Germany
++49 761 203-2392 (Phone)
++49 761 203-2394 (Fax)

Thomas Cornelissen

University College London ( email )

Gower Street
London, WC1E 6BT
United Kingdom

Matthias Kräkel

University of Bonn - Economic Science Area ( email )

Adenauerallee 24-42
BWLII
D-53113 Bonn
Germany
+49 228 73 92 11 (Phone)
+49 228 73 92 10 (Fax)

Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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