Understanding Newcomers' Adaptability and Work-Related Outcomes: Testing the Mediating Roles of Perceived P-E Fit Variables
Personnel Psychology, Vol. 64, 2011
27 Pages Posted: 16 Jul 2015 Last revised: 18 Jul 2015
Date Written: 2011
Using longitudinal data from a Chinese newcomer sample (N = 671), we investigated the predictive effects of adaptability on newcomers’ work-related outcomes. Specifically, we tested 4 perceived P-E fit variables (i.e., P-O fit, needs – supplies fit, demands – abilities fit, and P-G fit) as mediators between adaptability variables and newcomers’ work-related outcomes. Our results showed that after controlling for demographic effects and other personality variables (i.e., proactive personality and openness to experience), newcomers’ adaptability dimensions (i.e., cultural adaptability, work stress adaptability, interpersonal adaptability, and learning adaptability) were differentially associated with improvement in newcomers’ P-E fit perceptions over a 3-month time period. In turn, the perceived P-E fit variables were related to the newcomers’ work-related outcomes (i.e., job performance, job satisfaction, and turnover intentions), after controlling for the socialization process variables (i.e., institutionalized socialization experience, role clarity, and job-related self-efficacy). The mediating roles of perceived P-E fit variables were also confirmed. Both theoretical and practical implications in terms of adaptability, newcomer adaptation processes, and P-E fit are discussed.
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