Service District Optimization for Urban Food Deserts

68 Pages Posted: 27 Jun 2017

See all articles by Andreas Lösslein

Andreas Lösslein

Independent

Margeret Hall

Karlsruhe Service Research Institute

Steven O. Kimbrough

University of Pennsylvania - The Wharton School

Christof Weinhardt

Karlsruhe Institute of Technology

Date Written: July 16, 2015

Abstract

With rising obesity and concern about access to healthy and nutritious food in the United States, research on food deserts has extended over the last years. For identifying the areas whose residents are most susceptible to the consequences of living in a food desert and thus most are the most vulnerable, census data is used. The application of this problem is in this case limited to the City of Philadelphia, PA, allowing for a detailed analysis of the different areas within the city.

Using a heuristic operations research and applying the Maximum Coverage Location Problem approach, suggestions for locations of new supermarkets in Philadelphia’s food deserts are computed. Hereby, different aerial units are used, census tracts and the neighborhoods of Philadelphia. After computations, post-solution analysis methods, such as sensitivity analysis are applied to evaluate and analyze the solutions found, resulting in few but well analyzed suggestions.

The resulting suggestions are discussed and the influence of the different parameters used in the heuristic approach, as well as the benefits of the different post-solution analysis methods are analyzed and suggestions for further research are given.

Keywords: Food Deserts, Maximum Coverage Location Problem, Leakage Model

Suggested Citation

Lösslein, Andreas and Hall, Margeret and Kimbrough, Steven O. and Weinhardt, Christof, Service District Optimization for Urban Food Deserts (July 16, 2015). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2631485 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2631485

Andreas Lösslein

Independent ( email )

No Address Available
Germany

Margeret Hall (Contact Author)

Karlsruhe Service Research Institute ( email )

Englerstr. 11
11.40
Karlsruhe, 76131
Germany

Steven O. Kimbrough

University of Pennsylvania - The Wharton School ( email )

3641 Locust Walk
Philadelphia, PA 19104-6365
United States

Christof Weinhardt

Karlsruhe Institute of Technology ( email )

Kaiserstraße 12
Karlsruhe, Baden Württemberg 76131
Germany

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