Occupational Prestige and the Gender Wage Gap

32 Pages Posted: 18 Jul 2015 Last revised: 25 Oct 2017

See all articles by Kristin J. Kleinjans

Kristin J. Kleinjans

California State University, Fullerton - Department of Economics

Karl Fritjof Krassel

Danish Institute of Governmental Research (KORA)

Anthony J. Dukes

University of Southern California - Marshall School of Business

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: March 1, 2015

Abstract

Occupational segregation by gender remains widespread and explains a significant part of the gender wage gap. We examine the explanation that heterogeneity in preferences for wages and occupational prestige leads to gender differences in occupational choices, creating a gender wage gap. In self-reports, women express a stronger preference than men for occupations that are more valuable to society, which we hypothesize leads women to place more importance than men on the occupational prestige of their occupation, resulting in lower wages for occupations with higher prestige. Using Danish data, we find support for this hypothesis, especially for individuals with lower ability.

Keywords: occupational choice, occupational prestige, social prestige, gender wage gap, gender roles

JEL Classification: D13, J16, J24

Suggested Citation

Kleinjans, Kristin J. and Krassel, Karl Fritjof and Dukes, Anthony J., Occupational Prestige and the Gender Wage Gap (March 1, 2015). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2631650 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2631650

Kristin J. Kleinjans (Contact Author)

California State University, Fullerton - Department of Economics ( email )

Fullerton, CA 92834
United States

HOME PAGE: http://business.fullerton.edu/Economics/kkleinjans/

Karl Fritjof Krassel

Danish Institute of Governmental Research (KORA) ( email )

Dampfaergevej 27-29
Copenhagen, 2100
Denmark

Anthony J. Dukes

University of Southern California - Marshall School of Business ( email )

701 Exposition Blvd
Los Angeles, CA 90089
United States
213-740-3846 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://sites.usc.edu/anthonydukes/

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