Effectiveness of Job Search Interventions: A Meta-Analytic Review

Psychological Bulletin, 2014, Vol. 140, No. 4, 1009-1041

33 Pages Posted: 19 Jul 2015

See all articles by Songqi Liu

Songqi Liu

Georgia State University - J. Mack Robinson College of Business

Jason Huang

Wayne State University

Mo Wang

University of Florida - Department of Management

Date Written: July 1, 2014

Abstract

The current meta-analytic review examined the effectiveness of job search interventions in facilitating job search success (i.e., obtaining employment). Major theoretical perspectives on job search interventions, including behavioral learning theory, theory of planned behavior, social cognitive theory, and coping theory, were reviewed and integrated to derive a taxonomy of critical job search intervention components. Summarizing the data from 47 experimentally or quasi-experimentally evaluated job search interventions, we found that the odds of obtaining employment were 2.67 times higher for job seekers participating in job search interventions compared to job seekers in the control group, who did not participate in such intervention programs. Our moderator analysis also suggested that job search interventions that contained certain components, including teaching job search skills, improving self-presentation, boosting self-efficacy, encouraging proactivity, promoting goal setting, and enlisting social support, were more effective than interventions that did not include such components. More important, job search interventions effectively promoted employment only when both skill development and motivation enhancement were included. In addition, we found that job search interventions were more effective in helping younger and older (vs. middle-aged) job seekers, short-term (vs. long-term) unemployed job seekers, and job seekers with special needs and conditions (vs. job seekers in general) to find employment. Furthermore, meta-analytic path analysis revealed that increased job search skills, job search self-efficacy, and job search behaviors partially mediated the positive effect of job search interventions on obtaining employment. Theoretical and practical implications and future research directions are discussed.

Keywords: employment outcomes, job search behaviors, job search training interventions, self-efficacy, self-regulation

Suggested Citation

Liu, Songqi and Huang, Jason and Wang, Mo, Effectiveness of Job Search Interventions: A Meta-Analytic Review (July 1, 2014). Psychological Bulletin, 2014, Vol. 140, No. 4, 1009-1041. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2632318

Songqi Liu

Georgia State University - J. Mack Robinson College of Business ( email )

P.O. Box 4050
Atlanta, GA 30303-3083
United States

Jason Huang

Wayne State University ( email )

Detroit, MI 48202
United States

Mo Wang (Contact Author)

University of Florida - Department of Management ( email )

United States

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