Workplace Offense and Victims’ Reactions: The Effects of Victim-Offender (Dis)Similarity, Offense-Type, and Cultural Differences
J. Organiz. Behav. 29, 415–433 (2008)
20 Pages Posted: 21 Jul 2015 Last revised: 18 Aug 2015
Date Written: February 1, 2008
This study examined the effects of workplace offenders' characteristics and offense-type on victims' reactions. Responses from 352 employed graduate students in the U.S. and South Korea to a hypothetical offense incident revealed that employees from the U.S. and Korea differ in their expressed desirability of avoiding, seeking revenge against, and reconciling with an offending coworker depending on the offenders' similarity/dissimilarity to the victim and on the type of offense. As expected, Koreans (but not U.S. Americans) were more likely to avoid and to seek revenge on a coworker whose offensive remark was group- rather than personally-directed. In addition, Koreans were most motivated to reconcile when an offensive remark came from a similar rather than dissimilar coworker and when the offense targeted them personally (not their group). However, U.S. Americans were most motivated to reconcile when an offensive remark came from a similar rather than dissimilar other and when the offense targeted their group (not them personally).
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