Forming and Reacting to Overall Fairness: A Cross-Cultural Comparison.
Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes 104 (2007) 83–95
14 Pages Posted: 18 Sep 2015
Date Written: April 1, 2006
This study compared the cross-cultural formation and reactions toward overall fairness perception of employees from the US, China, Korea, and Japan. Distributive justice was related to overall fairness less strongly for Americans and Japanese than for Chinese and Koreans. In contrast, interactional justice was related to overall fairness more strongly for Americans and Japanese than for Chinese and Koreans. As expected, materialism seems to provide a coherent account of these cultural differences. In addition, overall fairness showed a stronger effect on turnover intention for Americans than for Chinese and Koreans. For job satisfaction, the effect of overall fairness was stronger for Americans than for Chinese, Koreans, and Japanese. Power distance seems to provide an adequate account of these cultural differences.
Keywords: Organizational justice; Overall fairness; Cross-cultural differences; Forming justice perceptions; Origanizational justice; East Asian differences; Job satisfaction; Intent to leave
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