Avoiding Disaster: Diversification and Risk Management Among East African Herders

Development and Change Vol. 32 (2001), 401-433

33 Pages Posted: 22 Jul 2015

See all articles by Peter D. Little

Peter D. Little

University of Kentucky - Department of Anthropology

Kevin Smith

International Rescue Committee

Barbara Cellarius

Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology

D. Layne Coppock

Utah State University - College of Natural Resources

Christopher B. Barrett

Cornell University - Charles H. Dyson School of Applied Economics & Management

Date Written: June 2001

Abstract

This article addresses processes of livelihood diversification among pastoralists in the rangelands of northern Kenya and southern Ethiopia. The objectives of the article are threefold: (1) to suggest a theoretical framework for addressing income diversification among pastoralists with reference to current literature and databases; (2) to present a case study on pastoral income diversification based on preliminary field research in northern Kenya and southern Ethiopia; and (3) to summarize current understandings of pastoral diversification while pointing to additional empirical research needs. By showing how comparative analyses in the region have been constrained by theoretical and data deficiencies, the article explores ways in which income diversification differs by what are termed conditional, opportunity, and local response variables. Climate, distance to market towns, gender, wealth, and education are attributes covered by these variables and discussed in the article. The conceptualization and case study provide useful bases for conducting comparative research on pastoral diversification in East Africa specifically, and in sub-Saharan Africa generally.

Suggested Citation

Little, Peter D. and Smith, Kevin and Cellarius, Barbara and Coppock, D. Layne and Barrett, Christopher B., Avoiding Disaster: Diversification and Risk Management Among East African Herders (June 2001). Development and Change Vol. 32 (2001), 401-433, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2633558

Peter D. Little

University of Kentucky - Department of Anthropology ( email )

202 Lafferty Hall 0024
Lexington, KY 40506
United States
859-257-6923 (Phone)
859-323-1959 (Fax)

Kevin Smith

International Rescue Committee ( email )

New York, NY
United States

Barbara Cellarius

Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology ( email )

Advokatenweg 36, 06114
PO Box 11 03 51
06017 Halle/Saale, 06114
Germany

D. Layne Coppock

Utah State University - College of Natural Resources ( email )

Logan, UT 84322-5230
United States
435-797-1262 (Phone)
435-797-3796 (Fax)

Christopher B. Barrett (Contact Author)

Cornell University - Charles H. Dyson School of Applied Economics & Management ( email )

315 Warren Hall
Ithaca, NY 14853-7801
United States
607-255-4489 (Phone)
607-255-9984 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://aem.cornell.edu/faculty_sites/cbb2/

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