Membangun Sustainable Entrepreneurship Untuk Meningkatkan Daya Saing Global (Building a Sustainable Entrepreneurship in Increasing Global Competitiveness)

Proceeding of National Seminar & Call for Paper "The Impact of ASEAN Economic Community 2015: Opportunities & Benefits for Indonesians Entrepreneurs", Faculty of Economics, Maranatha Christian University, held on 22-24 May 2014 in BTC Hotel Bandung, Indonesia.

22 Pages Posted: 25 Jul 2015

See all articles by Tongam Sihol Nababan

Tongam Sihol Nababan

University of HKBP Nommensen, Faculty of Economics

Date Written: May 22, 2014

Abstract

Indonesian Abstract: Indeks Kewirausahaan dan Pembangunan Global atau Global Entrepreneurship and Development Index (GEDI) Tahun 2013 memposisikan Indonesia berada pada peringkat 76 dari 118 negara. Dibandingkan dengan negara-negara ASEAN, peringkat tersebut masih jauh di bawah Singapura (13), serta masih di bawah Malaysia (57), Brunei Darussalam (58), Thailand (65). Hal ini menunjukkan bahwa Indonesia masih belum optimal dalam membangun kewirausahaannya. Untuk memacu pembangunan kewirausahaan, pemerintah Indonesia mencanangkan Gerakan Kewirausahaan Nasional (GKN), dengan tujuan untuk meningkatkan jumlah wirausaha Indonesia, mengingat jumlah wirausaha Indonesia baru berkisar 0,25% dari populasi penduduk. Dalam upaya mempertahankan dan meningkatkan posisi kewirausahaan yang sudah dicapai saat ini, sebaiknya para praktisi kewirausahaan membangun sustainable entrepreneurship (kewirausahaan berkelanjutan) untuk menciptakan kewirausahaan yang berdaya saing tangguh, berkelanjutan serta saling menunjang dan berkesinambungan, dengan memanfaatkan sinergi dari berbagai elemen masyarakat. Dengan terciptanya sustainable entrepreneurship maka daya saing yang berkelanjutan di tingkat nasional maupun global dapat terwujud. Sustainable entrepreneurship berfokus pada keterampilan wirausahawan untuk mewujudkan keberhasilannya melalui perubahan sosial dan lingkungan atau inovasi sosial. Kewirausahaan bukan lagi hanya menghasilkan keberhasilan ekonomi, namun wirausahawan yang berkelanjutan (sustainable entrepreneurs) mampu mengelola "triple bottom line" (profitabilitas perusahaan, potensi manfaat untuk lingkungan hidup, serta potensi manfaat untuk masyarakat) dengan menyeimbangkan kesehatan ekonomi, keadilan sosial dan ketahanan lingkungan melalui perilaku kewirausahaan mereka. Akhir-akhir ini banyak diskusi ilmiah tentang teori kewirausahaan dan praktek yang berkaitan dengan sustainable entrepreneurship yang beorientasi pada tujuan-tujuan masyarakat, etika, ekonomi, dan ekologi. Bahkan riset tentang sustainable entrepreneurship sudah lebih berkembang jika dibandingkan dengan riset-riset bisnis dan lingkungan terutama dalam hal-hal yang mempengaruhi perubahan praktek-praktek sosial dan lingkungan bisnis. Namun pertanyaan yang mengemuka adalah “Bagaimanakah kita memahami sifat, motivasi dan faktor-faktor pendorong sustainable ecopreneurs untuk berinovasi ?” Pertanyaan selanjutnya adalah “Bagaimanakah implementasi sustainable entrepreneurship di Indonesia agar dapat bersaing di tingkat global?”. Makalah ini bertujuan untuk membahas pendekatan konseptual tentang sustainable entrepreneurship serta untuk menguraikan bagaimana sustainable entrepreneurs berinovasi dalam membawa manfaat tambahan (benefit) bagi masyarakat dan lingkungan.

English Abstract: Global Entrepreneurship and Development Index or the Global Entrepreneurship and Development Index (GEDI) in 2013 positioned Indonesia at ranked 76 of 118 countries. Compared with the ASEAN countries, the position are still far below Singapore (13), and still below Malaysia (57), Brunei Darussalam (58), Thailand (65). This fact shows that Indonesia has not been optimal in building its entrepreneurial yet. To enhance the development of entrepreneurship, the Indonesian government has launched a National Entrepreneurship Movement (GKN), with the aim to increase the number of Indonesia’s entrepreneurs, where now the number of entrepreneurs approximately 0.25% of the total population. In an effort to maintain and improve the position of entrepreneurship that has been achieved today, entrepreneurial practitioners should build sustainable entrepreneurship for creating a strong entrepreneurial competitiveness, sustainable and mutually supportive by involving the synergies of the various elements of society. With the creation of sustainable entrepreneurship, the competitiveness level can be realized nationally and globally. The sustainable entrepreneurship focuses on entrepreneurial skills to achieve the success through social and environmental change or social innovations. Entrepreneurship is not only generating economic success but also the entrepreneurs (sustainable entrepreneurs) should be able to manage the "triple bottom line" (company profitability, potential benefits to the environment, and potential benefits to the community) by balancing economic health, social equity and environmental sustainability through the entrepreneurial behaviors. Lately, a lot of scientific discussions concerning entrepreneurship theory and practice related to sustainable entrepreneurship in a goal-oriented society, ethics, economics, and ecology have bee done. Even some studies on sustainable entrepreneurship have been more developed compared with the business and environment studies, especially in matters of affecting changes in social practices and business environments. However, the question is "How do we understand the characteristics, motivation and factors driving sustainable ecopreneurs to innovate?" The next question is, "How can the implementation of sustainable entrepreneurship in Indonesia in order to be able to compete on a global level?" This paper aims to discuss the conceptual approach of sustainable entrepreneurship and to outline how sustainable entrepreneurs to innovate in bringing additional benefits for the community and the environment.

Note: Downloadable document is in Indonesian.

Keywords: sustainable entrepreneurship, competitiveness, social, global, environment, daya saing, sosial, lingkungan

JEL Classification: Q56

Suggested Citation

Nababan, Tongam Sihol, Membangun Sustainable Entrepreneurship Untuk Meningkatkan Daya Saing Global (Building a Sustainable Entrepreneurship in Increasing Global Competitiveness) (May 22, 2014). Proceeding of National Seminar & Call for Paper "The Impact of ASEAN Economic Community 2015: Opportunities & Benefits for Indonesians Entrepreneurs", Faculty of Economics, Maranatha Christian University, held on 22-24 May 2014 in BTC Hotel Bandung, Indonesia., Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2633882

Tongam Sihol Nababan (Contact Author)

University of HKBP Nommensen, Faculty of Economics ( email )

Jln. Sutomo No. 4A
Medan, North Sumatra 20118
Indonesia
08126411543 (Phone)

Here is the Coronavirus
related research on SSRN

Paper statistics

Downloads
319
Abstract Views
1,797
rank
103,475
PlumX Metrics