On Monotone Strategy Equilibria in Simultaneous Auctions for Complementary Goods
61 Pages Posted: 23 Jul 2015 Last revised: 21 Jul 2018
Date Written: June 20, 2018
We explore existence and properties of equilibrium when N ≥ 2 bidders compete for L ≥ 2 objects via simultaneous but separate auctions. Bidders have private combinatorial valuations over all sets of objects they could win, and objects are complements in the sense that these valuations are supermodular in the set of objects won. We provide a novel partial order on types under which best replies are monotone, and demonstrate that Bayesian Nash equilibria which are monotone with respect to this partial order exist on any finite bid lattice. We apply this result to show existence of monotone Bayesian Nash equilibria in continuous bid spaces when a single global bidder competes for L objects against many local bidders who bid for single objects only, highlighting the step in this extension which fails with multiple global bidders. We therefore instead consider an alternative equilibrium with endogenous tiebreaking building on Jackson, Simon, Swinkels and Zame (2002), and demonstrate that this exists in general. Finally, we explore efficiency in simultaneous auctions with symmetric bidders, establishing novel sufficient conditions under which inefficiency in expectation approaches zero as the number of bidders increases.
Keywords: simultaneous auctions; complementarities; synergies; equilibria existence; efficiency; multi-object auctions; monotone strategies
JEL Classification: D44, C72
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation