The Impact of Expanding Access to Early Childhood Services in Rural Indonesia: Evidence from Two Cohorts of Children

61 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016

See all articles by Sally Brinkman

Sally Brinkman

The University of Western Australia

Amer Hasan

World Bank

Haeil Jung

Indiana University Bloomington - School of Public & Environmental Affairs (SPEA)

Angela Kinnell

The University of Western Australia

Menno Prasad Pradhan

Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, School of Business and Economics; University of Amsterdam - Faculty of Economics and Business (FEB)

Date Written: July 21, 2015

Abstract

This paper uses three waves of longitudinal data to examine the impact of expanding access to preschool services in rural areas of Indonesia on two cohorts of children. One cohort was children aged 4 at the start of the project and was immediately eligible for project-provided services when they began operation in 2009. The other cohort was children aged 1 at the start of the project and became eligible for project-provided services two years later. The paper presents intent-to-treat estimates of impact in the short term (first year of the project) and medium term (three years after the project started), using experimental and quasi-experimental methods. For the cohort of 4-year-olds, while the magnitude of the enrollment impact is similar across children from different backgrounds, the impact on child outcomes is larger for children from more disadvantaged backgrounds in the short and medium terms. However, for this cohort of children, it seems that project-provided playgroups encouraged substitution away from existing kindergartens, suggesting that future interventions should incorporate such possibilities into their design. For the average child in the younger cohort, the project led to improvements in physical health and well-being as well as language and cognitive development. For this cohort, there is little evidence of differential impact. This can be explained by the fact that children who enrolled soon after the centers opened (the older cohort) were generally poorer, compared with children who enrolled later (the younger cohort). This may be because of fee increases in project centers as project funding ended.

Keywords: Early Child and Children's Health, Reproductive Health, Nutrition, Early Childhood Development, Children and Youth

Suggested Citation

Brinkman, Sally and Hasan, Amer and Jung, Haeil and Kinnell, Angela and Pradhan, Menno, The Impact of Expanding Access to Early Childhood Services in Rural Indonesia: Evidence from Two Cohorts of Children (July 21, 2015). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 7372, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2634270

Sally Brinkman (Contact Author)

The University of Western Australia

35 Stirling Highway
Crawley, Western Australia 6009
Australia

Amer Hasan

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Haeil Jung

Indiana University Bloomington - School of Public & Environmental Affairs (SPEA) ( email )

1315 East Tenth Street
Bloomington, IN 47405
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.indiana.edu/~spea/faculty/jung-haeil.shtml

Angela Kinnell

The University of Western Australia ( email )

35 Stirling Highway
Crawley, Western Australia 6009
Australia

Menno Pradhan

Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, School of Business and Economics ( email )

De Boelelaan 1105
Amsterdam, 1081HV
Netherlands
+31(0)20 444 6137 (Phone)
+31(0)20 444 6127 (Fax)

University of Amsterdam - Faculty of Economics and Business (FEB) ( email )

Roetersstraat 11
Amsterdam, 1018 WB
Netherlands

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