Sociability, Golf Courses, and the Performance of Institutional Investors

76 Pages Posted: 2 Aug 2015 Last revised: 20 Aug 2016

See all articles by Chishen Wei

Chishen Wei

Singapore Management University - Lee Kong Chian School of Business

Lei Zhang

University of Queensland - Business School

Date Written: October 16, 2015

Abstract

We hypothesize that prestigious golf courses attract golfers and visitors from across the country, providing greater opportunities for nearby investors to build social connections. Our evidence suggests that institutional investors located near prestigious golf courses earn significantly better benchmark- and risk-adjusted returns. This reflects the benefits of sociability as our findings are stronger for golf courses with reciprocal guest policies that allow wider participation and increase when major golf championships rotate to the state. Their portfolios reveal hallmarks of active trading – higher concentration, greater selectivity, more frequent turnover – and include more distant stocks. To establish a causal link, we exploit the fact that golf is a weather-dependent outdoor activity. We find that their outperformance occurs during times of low precipitation around golf courses, evaporating when bad weather keeps golfers off the greens.

Keywords: Sociability, Social Connections, Institutional Investors, Golf

JEL Classification: G20, G14, G11

Suggested Citation

Wei, Chishen and Zhang, Lei, Sociability, Golf Courses, and the Performance of Institutional Investors (October 16, 2015). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2638577 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2638577

Chishen Wei (Contact Author)

Singapore Management University - Lee Kong Chian School of Business ( email )

50 Stamford Road
Singapore
Singapore

Lei Zhang

University of Queensland - Business School ( email )

Brisbane, Queensland 4072
Australia

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