Age Differences in the Demand-Control Model of Work Stress: An Examination of Data from 15 European Countries

Journal of Applied Gerontology, Volume 29, Number 1, February 2010, 21-47

27 Pages Posted: 5 Aug 2015

See all articles by Kenneth Shultz

Kenneth Shultz

California State University, San Bernardino

Mo Wang

University of Florida - Department of Management

Eileen Crimmins

University of Southern California - Davis School of Gerontology; University of Southern California - Schaeffer Center for Health Policy and Economics

Gwenith Fisher

University of Michigan at Ann Arbor

Date Written: February 2011

Abstract

There have been many tests of Karasek’s demand-control model of work stress. However, no studies have examined how the model may differentially apply to older versus younger workers. Due to age changes in cognitive processing, the psychological demands of jobs may interact differently with controls for younger versus older workers. Therefore, the study uses data from the Eurobarometer to examine how the demand-control model of work stress may function differently for older versus younger workers. The results indicate that different controls may in fact buffer different types of job demands for younger versus older workers. The findings reveal that only the interaction between problem solving and time to complete tasks was significant for younger workers. For older workers, however, the interactions between time deadlines and having sufficient time to complete tasks, autonomy, and the interaction between problem solving and schedule flexibility are significant predictors of self-reported stress.

Keywords: work stress, demand-control model, older workers, age difference

Suggested Citation

Shultz, Kenneth and Wang, Mo and Crimmins, Eileen and Fisher, Gwenith, Age Differences in the Demand-Control Model of Work Stress: An Examination of Data from 15 European Countries (February 2011). Journal of Applied Gerontology, Volume 29, Number 1, February 2010, 21-47, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2639363

Kenneth Shultz (Contact Author)

California State University, San Bernardino ( email )

5500 University Parkway
San Bernardino, CA 92407
United States

Mo Wang

University of Florida - Department of Management ( email )

United States

Eileen Crimmins

University of Southern California - Davis School of Gerontology ( email )

3715 McClintock Ave.
Rm 351
Los Angeles, CA 90089-0191
United States

University of Southern California - Schaeffer Center for Health Policy and Economics ( email )

635 Downey Way
Los Angeles, CA 90089-3333
United States

Gwenith Fisher

University of Michigan at Ann Arbor ( email )

110 Tappan Hall
855 S. University Ave
Ann Arbor, MI 48109
United States

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