Substantive Due Process for Noncitizens: Lessons from Obergefell
Michigan Law Review First Impressions, 2016
11 Pages Posted: 5 Aug 2015 Last revised: 9 Sep 2016
Date Written: August 3, 2015
The state of Texas denies birth certificates to children born in the United States — and thus citizens under the Fourteenth Amendment — if their parents are undocumented immigrants with identification provided by their home countries’ consulates. What does this have to do with same-sex marriage? In a previous article, I demonstrated that the Court’s due process analysis in United States v. Windsor is particularly relevant to the state’s regulation of undocumented immigrants. This short essay builds upon my earlier analysis by examining Obergefell v. Hodge’s applications outside the context of same-sex marriage. Obergefell’s due process holding, I argue, can serve to clarify the constitutional harms that result from policies, like those in Texas, that selectively target noncitizens and their children.
Keywords: Obergefell, same-sex marriage, substantive due process, equal protection, immigration, crimmigration, citizenship, noncitizens, birth certificates
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