Is There a Double‐Negative Effect? Gender and Ethnic Wage Differentials in Italy

27 Pages Posted: 4 Aug 2015

Date Written: September 2015

Abstract

This paper investigates the gender and ethnic wage differentials for female migrants in Italy by applying the Oaxaca–Blinder decomposition, with and without Heckman correction, to account for self‐selection into the labour market. The gender wage gap is nearly 15 per cent, more than 60 per cent of which is unexplained by observable differences. The ethnic wage gap is much larger (39 per cent), but endowments explain 53 per cent of the gap. We also estimate the double‐negative effect of being both female and a migrant. A female migrant earns 42 per cent less than an Italian male; the unexplained component is estimated to be 53–65 per cent. Results are robust to different specifications.

JEL Classification: J16, J31, J61, J71

Suggested Citation

Piazzalunga, Daniela, Is There a Double‐Negative Effect? Gender and Ethnic Wage Differentials in Italy (September 2015). LABOUR, Vol. 29, Issue 3, pp. 243-269, 2015, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2639423 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/labr.12052

Daniela Piazzalunga (Contact Author)

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