When Slower is Faster

10 Pages Posted: 5 Aug 2015  

Carlos Gershenson

National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM) - Departamento de Ciencias de la Computación; Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT); Northeastern University; National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM) - C3 - Centro de Ciencias de la Complejidad

Dirk Helbing

ETH Zürich - Department of Humanities, Social and Political Sciences (GESS)

Date Written: June 22, 2015

Abstract

The slower is faster (SIF) effect occurs when a system performs worse when its components try to be better. Thus, a moderate individual efficiency actually leads to a better systemic performance. The SIF effect takes place in a variety of phenomena. We review studies and examples of the SIF effect in pedestrian dynamics, vehicle traffic, traffic light control, logistics, public transport, social dynamics, ecological systems, and adaptation. Drawing on these examples we generalize common features of the SIF effect and suggest possible future lines of research.

Suggested Citation

Gershenson, Carlos and Helbing, Dirk, When Slower is Faster (June 22, 2015). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2639808 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2639808

Carlos Gershenson (Contact Author)

National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM) - C3 - Centro de Ciencias de la Complejidad ( email )

A. Postal 70-543
Mexico, 04510
Mexico

National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM) - Departamento de Ciencias de la Computación ( email )

Mexico

HOME PAGE: http://turing.iimas.unam.mx/~cgg/

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) ( email )

77 Massachusetts Avenue
50 Memorial Drive
Cambridge, MA 02139-4307
United States

Northeastern University ( email )

Boston, MA 02115
United States

Dirk Helbing

ETH Zürich - Department of Humanities, Social and Political Sciences (GESS) ( email )

ETH Zurich - Swiss Federal Institute of Technology
Clausiusstrasse 50
Zurich, 8092
Switzerland

HOME PAGE: http://www.coss.ethz.ch

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