Geospatial Data Preservation Primer
92 Pages Posted: 6 Aug 2015
Date Written: 2013
This primer is one in a series of Operational Policy documents being developed by GeoConnections. It is intended to inform Canadian Geospatial Data Infrastructure (CGDI) stakeholders about the nature and scope of digital geospatial data archiving and preservation and the realities, challenges and good practices of related operational policies.
Burgeoning growth of online geospatial applications and the deluge of data, combined with the growing complexity of archiving and preserving digital data, has revealed a significant gap in the operational policy coverage for the Canadian geospatial data infrastructure (CGDI).
Currently there is no commonly accepted guidance for CGDI stakeholders wishing or mandated to preserve their geospatial data assets for long-term access and use. More specifically, there is little or no guidance available to inform operational policy decisions on how to manage, preserve and provide access to a digital geospatial data collection. The preservation of geospatial data over a period of time is especially important when datasets are required to inform modeling applications such as climate change impact predictions, flood forecasts and land use management.
Furthermore, data custodians may have both a legal and moral responsibility to implement effective archiving and preservation programs.
Based on research and analysis of the Canadian legislative framework and current international practices in digital data archiving and preservation, this primer provides guidance on the factors to be considered and the steps to be taken in planning and implementing a data archiving and preservation program. It describes an approach to establishing a geospatial data archives based on good practices from the literature and Canadian case studies.
This primer will provide CGDI stakeholders with information on how to incorporate archiving and preservation considerations into an effective data management process that covers the entire life cycle (DCC, 2013) (LAC, 2006) of their geospatial data assets (i.e., creation and receipt, distribution, use, maintenance, and disposition). It is intended to inform CGDI stakeholders on the importance of long term data preservation, and provide them with the information and tools required to make policy decisions for creating an archives and preserving digital geospatial data.
This primer also discusses legal topics, current at the time of publication, for general informational purposes only. It builds on the GeoConnections Research and Analysis Report: Geospatial Data Archiving and Preservation (HAL, 2011). Material found in this primer may not apply to all jurisdictions. GeoConnections is not responsible for the use of any materials or contents of the primer. The contents of this primer do not constitute legal advice and should not be relied upon as such.
Keywords: Preservation, Archiving, geospatial data, geospatial data infrastructure, CGDI, CCRS, LIO, DFO, NRCan, InterPARES 2
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