Population Biobanking and International Collaboration

Pathobiology, Vol. 81, No. 5-6, 2015

10 Pages Posted: 7 Aug 2015

See all articles by Ma'n H. Zawati

Ma'n H. Zawati

McGill University - Centre of Genomics and Policy

Bartha Knoppers

McGill University

Adrian Thorogood

Universite du Luxembourg - Luxembourg Centre for Systems Biomedicine

Date Written: March 1, 2015

Abstract

Population-based biobanks promise to be important resources for genetic research. However, the study of normal genomic variation across populations requires the collection of data and biological samples from individuals on a large scale. While international collaboration has become both a scientific and an ethical imperative, international sharing of data and samples poses many challenges. Significant variation persists among the legal and ethical norms governing population biobanks in different jurisdictions. Many of these norms do not clearly provide for international access. To illustrate these problems, we collected and compared applicable legislative instruments, as well as ethical guidelines issued by national, regional, and international bodies. In addition, harmonization is faced with important limitations and may not be sufficient to ensure effective international sharing. Population biobanks are therefore looking for new ways to promote sharing and improve interoperability. The formation of biobank networks and the development of common governance tools are two approaches that are setting the groundwork for international collaboration in genetic research.

Keywords: Biobanking, Population Biobanking, Law, Ethics, Harmonization, Genetic Research

Suggested Citation

Zawati, Ma'n H. and Knoppers, Bartha and Thorogood, Adrian, Population Biobanking and International Collaboration (March 1, 2015). Pathobiology, Vol. 81, No. 5-6, 2015, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2640233

Ma'n H. Zawati (Contact Author)

McGill University - Centre of Genomics and Policy ( email )

740 Dr. Penfield Avenue, Suite 5200
Montreal, Quebec H3A 0G1
Canada

Bartha Knoppers

McGill University ( email )

1001 Sherbrooke St. W
Montreal, Quebec H3A 1G5
Canada

Adrian Thorogood

Universite du Luxembourg - Luxembourg Centre for Systems Biomedicine ( email )

2 Avenue de l'Université
Esch-sur-Alzette
Luxembourg

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