The Oil Endgame: Strategies of Oil Exporters in a Carbon-Constrained World
Forthcoming in Environmental Science and Policy
27 Pages Posted: 6 Aug 2015
Date Written: August 6, 2015
There is mounting evidence that global oil demand will peak between 2020 and 2040, supported by rational economics (inter-fuel competition and efficiency gains) and environmental policies. The perspective of a peak in world oil demand poses a serious economic threat to petrostates whose GDP largely depends on oil export revenues. This article develops a repertoire of five possible strategies that oil-exporting countries can follow in a carbon-constrained world: quota agreements, price wars, efficiency, compensation, and economic diversification. The analysis suggests that the strategic behavior of oil exporters could yield important effects on climate policies, oil prices and related rents, the energy security of importers, and global geopolitics. The findings suggest that models of decarbonization and global energy security need to incorporate more explicitly the strategic behavior of oil exporters.
Keywords: peak oil demand, petrostates, OPEC, climate policy, decarbonization, green paradox
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation