The Influence of State Sales and Use Taxes on Capital Expenditures and Manufacturing Employment
Public Finance Review, 43(4): 458-484, 2015
27 Pages Posted: 16 Aug 2015
Date Written: July 1, 2014
This study investigates the relationship between the state sales and use tax burden and manufacturing firms’ employment and capital expenditures for the period 1983-2006. Using an instrumental variable model, our results indicate that the state sales and use tax burden (i.e., the product between the sales and use tax rate and sales and use tax exemptions) on purchases of materials and machinery is related to changes in capital expenditures and employment, even after controlling for corporate income tax variables and other economic factors. The economic impact of this relationship is relatively small; however, the results have important policy implications in the present lean state budget environment, as state legislators must balance revenue needs with the desire to provide economic development incentives.
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