The Determinants of Performance in China: A Study Focused on Cultural and Institutional Drivers in the Area of Shanghai

24 Pages Posted: 18 Aug 2015 Last revised: 26 Dec 2018

See all articles by Gregory Wegmann

Gregory Wegmann

University of Burgundy - IAE Dijon School of Management, CREGO EA 7317

Ivan Ruviditch

Shanghai Normal University

Date Written: August 17, 2015

Abstract

We base our work on an historical study and on interviews of Chinese managers living in the area of Shanghai. We use the institutional theoretical stream in combination with the impact of national culture, considering that organizations and managers are influenced by cultural and institutional determinants. In a first part, we describe the theoretical background to the research and our method. Then, in a second part, we present the significant cultural and institutional features of China that enable us to justify several hypotheses about our topic. In a third part, we analyze twelve in-depth interviews, trying to answer our research question. Our basic research question focuses on what “Performance” means for Chinese managers. Behind the word and its different meanings (economic, global, social), we analyze the cultural and institutional backgrounds of the managers interviewed. We end by drawing several conclusions, some of them quite non-intuitive. We show the disappearance of Confucian values behind a combination of pragmatism, and interpersonal relations. In this context, the perception of Performance would be subjective and the expression of institutional and cultural components of Chinese society. We believe that it is relevant for managers coming from Western cultures to have an understanding of this context when doing business in China.

Keywords: Chinese managers, institutions, performance, Confucianism

JEL Classification: M10, M14

Suggested Citation

Wegmann, Grégory and Ruviditch, Ivan, The Determinants of Performance in China: A Study Focused on Cultural and Institutional Drivers in the Area of Shanghai (August 17, 2015). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2645543 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2645543

Grégory Wegmann (Contact Author)

University of Burgundy - IAE Dijon School of Management, CREGO EA 7317 ( email )

Pôle Economie Gestion
2 Bd Gabriel B.P. 26 611
21066 DIJON, Cedex
France
(33) 03 80 39 52 77 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://iae.u-bourgogne.fr/en/

Ivan Ruviditch

Shanghai Normal University ( email )

No.100 Guilin Road
Shanghai, 200234
China

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