Does Eco-Certification Stem Tropical Deforestation? Forest Stewardship Council Certification in Mexico

Resources for the Future Discussion Paper 15-36

48 Pages Posted: 19 Aug 2015  

Allen Blackman

Resources for the Future

Leonard Goff

Columbia University, Department of Economics; Resources for the Future

Marisol Rivera-Planter

National Institute of Ecology

Date Written: August 6, 2015

Abstract

Since its creation more than two decades ago as a voluntary market-based approach to improving forest management, forest certification has proliferated rapidly in developing countries. Yet we know little about whether and under what conditions it affects deforestation. We use rich forest management unit-level panel data — including information on deforestation, certification, regulatory permitting, and geophysical and socioeconomic land characteristics — along with matched fixed effects models to identify the effect of Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) certification on deforestation in Mexico, the country with the third-highest number of FSC certifications in the developing world. We test for a variety of different temporal and subgroup effects but are unable to reject the null hypothesis that certification does not affect deforestation. Although these results do not indicate that FSC certification has no effect on forest management, they do suggest that its impact on deforestation may be limited.

Keywords: eco-label, certification, forest cover change, Mexico

JEL Classification: Q23, Q56, Q57

Suggested Citation

Blackman, Allen and Goff, Leonard and Rivera-Planter, Marisol, Does Eco-Certification Stem Tropical Deforestation? Forest Stewardship Council Certification in Mexico (August 6, 2015). Resources for the Future Discussion Paper 15-36. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2646605 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2646605

Allen Blackman (Contact Author)

Resources for the Future ( email )

1616 P Street, NW
Washington, DC 20036
United States
202-328-5000 (Phone)
202-949-3460 (Fax)

Leonard Goff

Columbia University, Department of Economics ( email )

420 W. 118th Street
New York, NY 10027
United States
3012215565 (Phone)

Resources for the Future ( email )

1616 P Street, NW
Washington, DC 20036
United States

Marisol Rivera-Planter

National Institute of Ecology ( email )

Periferico Sur 5000-tercer piso
Col Insurgentes Cuicuilco
Mexico, Mexico City 04530
Mexico
525554246412 (Phone)
525554245408 (Fax)

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