The 'Make‐Up' of a Regression Coefficient: Gender Gaps in the European Labor Market

21 Pages Posted: 20 Aug 2015

See all articles by M. Grazia Pittau

M. Grazia Pittau

University of Rome I

Shlomo Yitzhaki

Hebrew University of Jerusalem - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Roberto Zelli

University of Rome I

Date Written: September 2015

Abstract

We provide a comprehensive picture of the relationship between labor market outcomes and age by gender in the 28 European countries covered by the European Statistics on Income and Living Conditions. The analysis is based on a somewhat unconventional approach that refers to concentration curves in the Gini regression framework. It allows identification of ranges in the explanatory variables where local slopes change sign and/or size, i.e. the components that “make up” a regression coefficient. Gender is a crucial factor differentiating participation among workers, although employment–age profiles do not substantially differ. Relevant differences in age profiles concern working‐hours patterns: some countries are characterized by an almost specular behavior in men and women; other countries instead show similar patterns. Generally, earnings increase with age for both men and women. However, local regression coefficients are not monotonic over the entire age range and can even be locally negative in some countries.

Keywords: age profile, concentration curves, gender gap, Gini regression, labor market

JEL Classification: C30, J16, J21

Suggested Citation

Pittau, Maria Grazia and Yitzhaki, Shlomo and Zelli, Roberto, The 'Make‐Up' of a Regression Coefficient: Gender Gaps in the European Labor Market (September 2015). Review of Income and Wealth, Vol. 61, Issue 3, pp. 401-421, 2015. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2647129 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/roiw.12094

Maria Grazia Pittau (Contact Author)

University of Rome I ( email )

Piazzale Aldo Moro 5
Rome, 00185
Italy

Shlomo Yitzhaki

Hebrew University of Jerusalem - Department of Economics ( email )

Mount Scopus
Jerusalem, 91905
Israel
+972 2 659 2201 (Phone)
+972 2 652 2319 (Fax)

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) ( email )

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Roberto Zelli

University of Rome I ( email )

Piazzale Aldo Moro, 5
Rome, 00185
Italy

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