Municipal Bond Costs of Issuance

12 Pages Posted: 26 Aug 2015

See all articles by Marc D. Joffe

Marc D. Joffe

Public Sector Credit Solutions

Date Written: August 26, 2015


My research team collected cost of issuance information from Official Statements representing over 800 bond issuances since 2012. We found that costs of issuance including underwriter discounts averaged 1.02% of bond principal. Further, we found substantial variation in the sample, with six California school district issuers incurring costs in excess of 8.5%. To determine the composition of issuance costs we sent public records requests to a subset of issuers, receiving 180 responses. The four largest contributors to total issuance costs were underwriter discounts, legal expenses, financial advisor fees and rating agency charges – in that order. We argue that some combination of increased price transparency and intervention from higher levels of government could substantially reduce issuance costs faced by local governments, especially smaller ones.

Suggested Citation

Joffe, Marc D., Municipal Bond Costs of Issuance (August 26, 2015). Available at SSRN: or

Marc D. Joffe (Contact Author)

Public Sector Credit Solutions ( email )

1655 N. California Blvd.
Suite 223
Walnut Creek, CA 94596
United States
14155780558 (Phone)


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