Economic Growth: The Role of Policies and Institutions. Panel Data Evidence from OECD Countries
70 Pages Posted: 30 Apr 2001
Date Written: January 2001
This paper discusses links between policy settings, institutions and economic growth in OECD countries on the basis of cross-country time-series regressions. The econometric approach allows short-term adjustments and convergence speeds to vary across countries, imposing restrictions only on the long-run coefficients. In addition to the 'primary' influences of capital accumulation and skills embodied in the human capital, the results confirm the importance for growth of R&D activity, the macroeconomic environment, trade openness and well developed financial markets. They also confirm that many of the policy influences operate not only 'directly' on growth but also indirectly via the mobilisation of resources for fixed investment. The paper also reports some bivariate correlations between OECD indicators of product regulation and growth. They provide some supporting evidence that the negative impact of stringent regulations and administrative burden on the efficiency of product markets also results in a negative impact on overall economic growth.
Keywords: economic growth, policy and institutions, panel data
JEL Classification: N10, O40, O47
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation