Violence and Migration on the Arizona Sonora Border

Human Organization, Vol. 70, No. 1, 2011

11 Pages Posted: 28 Aug 2015

See all articles by Jeremy Slack

Jeremy Slack

University of Texas at El Paso

Scott Whiteford

University of Arizona - Center for Latin American Studies

Date Written: January 26, 2011

Abstract

2010 was a significant year for immigration issues along the United States-Mexico border. In April, Arizona signed the most extreme law against undocumented immigrants. In August, 72 hopeful migrants were massacred in Tamaulipas by alleged drug traffickers, and the Arizona desert claimed a record 252 lives in fiscal year 2010. These events were part of the trend that began with border militarization in the mid-1990s and escalated in the wake of 9/11, resulting in the extremely violent character of the undocumented border crossing experience. This is manifest, not only in the frequent reports of abuses by various actors along the border, but also in the consolidation of undocumented migration with the trafficking of narcotics. The authors have documented many cases of robbery, kidnapping, physical abuse, rape, and manipulation by drug traffickers. In this article, we discuss these different manifestations of violence by understanding both the structural constraints that create and characterize violence, as well as the individual reactions to the factors. The authors propose the conceptualization of “post structural violence” as a manner of enhancing the discussion of agency within and as a reaction to the structural conditions generated by border security and immigration policy.

Keywords: Violence, Migration, drugs, U.S. Mexico Border

Suggested Citation

Slack, Jeremy and Whiteford, Scott, Violence and Migration on the Arizona Sonora Border (January 26, 2011). Human Organization, Vol. 70, No. 1, 2011, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2651672

Jeremy Slack (Contact Author)

University of Texas at El Paso ( email )

500 W University Ave
El Paso, TX 79902
United States
9157476530 (Phone)

Scott Whiteford

University of Arizona - Center for Latin American Studies ( email )

Department of History
Tucson, AZ 85721
United States

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
82
Abstract Views
438
rank
353,201
PlumX Metrics