Key Legal Issues in the 2015 Climate Negotiations
Center for Climate and Energy Solutions Policy Brief, June 2015
6 Pages Posted: 28 Aug 2015
Date Written: June 1, 2015
In fashioning the Paris climate change agreement, parties to the U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) must address a range of legal issues. This paper outlines some of the key issues and concludes that: the Paris outcome must include a core legal agreement constituting a treaty under international law; the exact title of the core agreement is legally irrelevant; the agreement can contain both binding and non-binding elements; the legal nature of parties’ nationally determined contributions (NDCs) is independent of where they are housed; and consistency with the UNFCCC does not require that the agreement adopt the same structure.
Keywords: UNFCCC, climate change, Paris conference
JEL Classification: K32, K33
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation