Do Market Wages Influence Child Labour and Child Schooling?

29 Pages Posted: 16 Apr 2001

See all articles by Jackline Wahba

Jackline Wahba

University of Southampton, Department of Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Date Written: December 2000

Abstract

This paper provides empirical evidence on the joint determinants of child labor and child schooling using individual level data from Egypt. The main findings are as follows: (i) A 10% increase in the illiterate male market wage decreases the probability of child labor by 21.5% for boys and 13.1% for girls. (ii) Higher local regional income inequality increases the likelihood of child labor. (iii) Parents who were child laborers themselves are more likely to send their children out to work. (vi) Local labor market conditions - the share of adults engaged in the public sector or in non-regular jobs - play an important role in influencing child labor participation. (iv) There is a trade-off between child labor and child schooling. The results suggest that not only is poverty the main cause of child labor, but that child labor perpetuates poverty as well.

Keywords: child labour, schooling, developing countries, wages, poverty

JEL Classification: I20, I30, J13, J20, O15

Suggested Citation

Wahba, Jackline, Do Market Wages Influence Child Labour and Child Schooling? (December 2000). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=265209 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.265209

Jackline Wahba (Contact Author)

University of Southampton, Department of Economics ( email )

Southampton, SO171BJ
United Kingdom
+44 23 8059 3996 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://https://sites.google.com/site/jackiewahba/

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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