Identifying Foreign Suppliers in U.S. Merchandise Import Transactions

29 Pages Posted: 28 Aug 2015

See all articles by Fariha Kamal

Fariha Kamal

Government of the United States of America - Bureau of the Census

C. J. Krizan

Government of the United States of America - Bureau of the Census

Ryan Monarch

Federal Reserve Board

Date Written: August 27, 2015

Abstract

International trade data capturing relationships between importing and exporting firms provides new insight into the activity of trading firms, but the quality of such disaggregated data is unknown. In this paper, we assess the reliability of two-sided data from the United States by comparing the number of foreign suppliers from U.S. import data to origin-country data. Such exporter counts tend to be lower than the same counts from raw U.S. data. We propose and implement a set of methods that align the totals more closely. Overall, our analysis presents broad support for usage of U.S. data to study buyer-supplier relationships.

Keywords: International Trade, Transactional Relationships

JEL Classification: F10, L14

Suggested Citation

Kamal, Fariha and Krizan, C. J. and Monarch, Ryan, Identifying Foreign Suppliers in U.S. Merchandise Import Transactions (August 27, 2015). FRB International Finance Discussion Paper No. 1142. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2652219 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2652219

Fariha Kamal

Government of the United States of America - Bureau of the Census ( email )

4600 Silver Hill Road
Washington, DC 20233
United States

C. J. Krizan

Government of the United States of America - Bureau of the Census ( email )

Suitland Federal Center
Washington, DC 20233
United States

Ryan Monarch (Contact Author)

Federal Reserve Board ( email )

20th Street and Constitution Avenue NW
Washington, DC 20551
United States

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