Reflections on the Korean Jury Trial
Journal of Korean Law, Vol. 14, 81-115, December 2014
37 Pages Posted: 2 Sep 2015 Last revised: 6 Oct 2015
Date Written: December 1, 2014
Korea's experience with its new jury system offers many lessons for those interested in juries and jury reform worldwide. Aiming for a unique jury system that was ideally suited to Korean citizens and their legal system, those who crafted Korea's jury incorporated elements of both classic jury systems and mixed tribunals. Initially, the jury deliberates on guilt independently of the judge, but the procedure includes optional as well as mandatory opportunities for the presiding judge to advise the jury during its deliberation. The Korean jury delivers an advisory rather than binding jury verdict. These and other features of the Korean jury system are analyzed and contrasted with practices elsewhere. The unique procedures associated with Korean jury trials offer a natural experiment and deserve continuing serious study.
Keywords: Korean jury trial, jury studies, jury judge, legal reform, juror's guide, bifurcated trial, deliberation, deliberative democracy
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