The Affordable Care Act and the Growth of Involuntary Part-Time Employment

35 Pages Posted: 2 Sep 2015 Last revised: 16 Jan 2018

See all articles by William E. Even

William E. Even

Miami University; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

David A. MacPherson

Trinity University; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: January 15, 2018

Abstract

This study tests whether the employer mandate under the Affordable Care Act (ACA) increased involuntary part-time (IPT) employment. Using data from the Current Population Survey between 1994 and 2015, we find that IPT employment in 2015 exceeded predictions based on economic conditions and the structure of the labor market. More importantly, using difference-in-difference methods, we find that the increase in the probability of IPT employment since passage of the ACA was greater in occupations with a larger share of workers affected by the mandate. Our estimates suggest that approximately 700,000 additional workers without a college degree are in IPT employment as a result of the ACA employer mandate.

Keywords: Affordable Care Act, involuntary part-time employment, employer mandate, health insurance

JEL Classification: J22, J23, J32, J33, H25

Suggested Citation

Even, William E. and MacPherson, David A., The Affordable Care Act and the Growth of Involuntary Part-Time Employment (January 15, 2018). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2653995 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2653995

William E. Even

Miami University ( email )

208 Laws Hall
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IZA Institute of Labor Economics

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David A. MacPherson (Contact Author)

Trinity University ( email )

San Antonio, TX 78212
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210-999-7255 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.davemacpherson.com

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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