Low-Skilled Jobs and Student Jobs: Employers' Preferences in Slovakia and the Czech Republic

42 Pages Posted: 4 Sep 2015

See all articles by Lucia Mytna Kurekova

Lucia Mytna Kurekova

Slovak Governance Institute; Central European University

Zuzana Žilinčíková

Masaryk University


Massification of tertiary education, growing share of student workers on labour market and consequently increased competition for low-skilled jobs gave rise to the theory of crowding out of the less educated workers. This paper contributes to better understanding of temporary skills-qualifications mismatch typical for student workers by analysing the preferences of employers in low-skilled jobs and student jobs. We take labour market demand perspective and carry out exploratory analysis of job offers posted online in Slovakia and the Czech Republic.The results show that the student labour market is quite diverse as student job offers can be found in low-skilled, but also medium-skilled positions. We also find that although student vacancies require, on average, fewer skills than non-student positions, there is strong correlation between formal sophistication of a job vacancy and the required minimum educational level, as well as required skills for both student and non-student positions. It appears that low-educated workers and student workers do not compete for the limited number of positions, but rather fill employers' demands for different types of hard (e.g. language skills) and soft (e.g. flexibility, adaptability) skills. These results support the complementarity view of the coexistence of student employment and low-skilled employment rather than the crowding out theory.

Keywords: youth, students, employment, skills, vacancy, online, labor demand, Czech Republic, Slovakia

JEL Classification: J23, J21, J24, J63

Suggested Citation

Mytna Kurekova, Lucia and Žilinčíková, Zuzana, Low-Skilled Jobs and Student Jobs: Employers' Preferences in Slovakia and the Czech Republic. IZA Discussion Paper No. 9145. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2655094

Lucia Mytna Kurekova (Contact Author)

Slovak Governance Institute ( email )

Gajova 4
Bratislava, 81109

Central European University ( email )

Nador utca 9
Budapest, H-1051

Zuzana Žilinčíková

Masaryk University ( email )

Zerotinovo nam. 9
60177 Brno, 603 00
Czech Republic

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