The Selection of High-Skilled Migrants

62 Pages Posted: 4 Sep 2015

See all articles by Matthias Parey

Matthias Parey

University of Essex - Department of Economics

Jens Ruhose

Leibniz Universit├Ąt Hannover - Faculty of Economics and Management

Fabian Waldinger

University of Warwick - Department of Economics

Nicolai Netz

Deutsches Zentrum fuer Hochschul- und Wissenschaftsforschung (DZHW)

Abstract

We measure selection of high-skilled migrants from Germany using predicted earnings. Migrants to less equal countries are positively selected relative to non-migrants, while migrants to more equal countries are negatively selected, consistent with the prediction in Borjas (1987). Positive selection to less equal countries is driven by university quality and grades, and negative selection to more equal countries by university subject and gender. Migrants to the U.S. are highly positively selected and concentrated in STEM fields. Our results highlight the relevance of the Borjas model for high-skilled individuals when credit constraints and other migration barriers are unlikely to be binding.

Keywords: international migration, high-skilled migrants, selection, inequality, Roy/Borjas model

JEL Classification: F22, J24, J31, J61

Suggested Citation

Parey, Matthias and Ruhose, Jens and Waldinger, Fabian and Netz, Nicolai, The Selection of High-Skilled Migrants. IZA Discussion Paper No. 9164. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2655113

Matthias Parey (Contact Author)

University of Essex - Department of Economics ( email )

Wivenhoe Park
Colchester CO4 3SQ
United Kingdom

Jens Ruhose

Leibniz Universit├Ąt Hannover - Faculty of Economics and Management ( email )

Koenigsworther Platz 1
Hannover, 30167
Germany

Fabian Waldinger

University of Warwick - Department of Economics ( email )

Coventry CV4 7AL
United Kingdom

Nicolai Netz

Deutsches Zentrum fuer Hochschul- und Wissenschaftsforschung (DZHW) ( email )

Goseriede 9
Hannover, 30159
Germany

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