Children of Migrants: The Impact of Parental Migration on Their Children's Education and Health Outcomes

42 Pages Posted: 4 Sep 2015

See all articles by Xin Meng

Xin Meng

Australian National University; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Chikako Yamauchi

University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - Department of Economics

Abstract

In the past 15 years around 160 million Chinese rural workers migrated to cities to work. Because of restrictions on migrant access to local health and education system a large cohort of migrant children are left-behind in rural villages and growing up without parental care. This paper examines how parental migration affects children's health and education outcomes. Using the Rural-Urban Migration Survey in China (RUMiC) data we are able to measure the share of children's lifetime during which parents migrated away from home. By instrumenting this measure of parental migration with weather changes in their home village when they were young we find a sizable adverse impact of exposure to parental migration on children's health and education outcomes. We also find that what the literature has always done (using contemporaneous measure for parental migration) is likely to underestimate the effect of exposure to parental migration on children's outcomes.

Keywords: migration, children, education, health, China

JEL Classification: J38, I28

Suggested Citation

Meng, Xin and Yamauchi, Chikako, Children of Migrants: The Impact of Parental Migration on Their Children's Education and Health Outcomes. IZA Discussion Paper No. 9165, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2655114 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2655114

Xin Meng (Contact Author)

Australian National University ( email )

Research School of Economics
College of Business and Economics
Canberra ACT 0200
Australia
+61 26249 3102 (Phone)

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Schaumburg-Lippe-Str. 7 / 9
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Chikako Yamauchi

University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - Department of Economics ( email )

Box 951477
Los Angeles, CA 90095-1477
United States

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