The Effects of the Earned Income Tax Credit on Children's Health, Quality of Home Environment, and Non-Cognitive Skills

46 Pages Posted: 4 Sep 2015

See all articles by Susan L. Averett

Susan L. Averett

Lafayette College - Department of Economics & Business

Yang Wang

Lafayette College

Abstract

In 1993, the benefit levels of the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) were changed significantly based on the number of children in the household. Employing a difference-in-differences plus mother fixed-effects framework, we find better mother-rated health for children of unmarried black mothers and married white and Hispanic mothers, lower accident rates for children of married white and Hispanic mothers, and improved home environment quality for children of unmarried white and Hispanic mothers. Our results provide new evidence of the effects of the 1993 EITC expansion and therefore have important policy implications.

Keywords: EITC, child health, home environment, non-cognitive skills

JEL Classification: I12, I38, J13

Suggested Citation

Averett, Susan and Wang, Yang, The Effects of the Earned Income Tax Credit on Children's Health, Quality of Home Environment, and Non-Cognitive Skills. IZA Discussion Paper No. 9173. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2655122

Susan Averett (Contact Author)

Lafayette College - Department of Economics & Business ( email )

Easton, PA 18042
United States
610-250-5307 (Phone)
610-250-8961 (Fax)

Yang Wang

Lafayette College ( email )

Easton, PA 18042
United States
610-330-5298 (Phone)
610-330-5715 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://economics.lafayette.edu/

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